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Ultimate Guide To Men's Dress Shirts

In Shirts

How much do you know about men's dress shirts?

We all know that shirts should properly fit the body in order for us to look great in it. But what are the parts of a dress shirt and why do we have to learn about it?

This article touches on its origins and parts to include the collar, cuffs, front style, back style, buttons, and pockets. It also covers fabrics and colors with links to other useful articles.

Dress Shirt Introduction

Men Dress Shirt

The men's dress shirt is a button-up shirt with a collar and long sleeves. It is cut differently than the sport shirt, which is made to be worn open-necked and looks awkward with a tie.

The dress shirt is designed to carry a jacket and tie, but can be worn without one or the other or with neither. Various shirts with different sorts of collars and cuffs are appropriate for different ranges of attire, and many can run the gamut of formality.

We do not discuss the short-sleeve shirts here as that their lack of sleeves prevents them from being worn with a jacket, a prerequisite for a dress shirt.

Dress Shirt Fit

Most men wear dress shirts that do not fit them properly.  By wearing a shirt that fits you properly in the neck, sleeves, chest, and stomach you will not only stand out but you will improve your appearance dramatically.

With every man having a different physical profile, it's impossible for large scale shirt manufactures to build a garments that fit everyone; they try to get around this problem by building shirts for the mythical average men. 

Perhaps you've met them: Small, Medium, and Large.  The result is that you end up finding a shirt with the right sleeve length, but the shoulders, neck, and chest are too large. 

When you find something that fits in the chest, you find that you need another inch in the sleeves.  And so you make do: don't.  I highly recommend a man consider custom shirts if he wants a proper fit. 

Dress Shirt Fabric


A shirt's color is the first thing we notice. It can be determined a hundred feet away and may send a message that the man wearing it is outgoing or that he knows how to fit in.  Neither message is better than the other, but a man who understands the role of color and its effect has control over what is being said.

Dress Shirt

White is the most common shirt color, and for good reason.  Historically, it has dominated the scene, and initially was the only choice for a gentleman.  The lack of color and stains on a man's collar and cuffs signified he was above working with his hands and sweating to earn a living.

It wasn't until the English began to introduce colors from their weekends and country wear that colors and patterns became fashionable.  Still, white holds it's place as the most formal color; a man can safely assume a white shirt will never be out of place.

Blue came on to the shirt scene a bit later, but it's dominance of second has more to do with it's looks than heritage.  Blue and colors with similar hues are especially flattering to most male complexions; thus the popularity of blue exploded in the United States as more and more off-the-rack manufactures looked for colors and patterns that would sell.

Today the color firmly holds a place as the second most popular color.


Solid fabric

Solid : The simplest pattern is none at all. But solid shirts are anything but simple, especially if you play with the weave. A solid white twill fabric has a very different look and feel from a solid white poplin.

In addition, by choice to go solid allows a man the option to highlight other aspects of the shirt such as a unique collar style or to focus the attention of what really matters, his face.

cotton blue stripe on white

Stripe : Less formal that a solid, the striped shirt is a man's opportunity to add some pizazz to his outfit. Most men can't go wrong with a classic white on blue, but those who know how to dress seek to add certain accent colors such as red or pink to liven up the hues in the face.

Many people are confused about wearing striped shirts with striped ties (or pin-striped suits for that matter). The rule here is that the distance between the stripes should be different; otherwise you have the optical illusion of movement.

patterned fabric

Check : The most casual pattern, it is the busiest pattern and the one least seen on ready made shirts.  Historically, the purpose of the check was to identify and signify a wearer's background.

Today, most men are intimidated to wear such a pattern with a suit as that it appears overpowering; it needn't be, just remember not to mix like patterns; a checked shirt with a solid suit and striped tie is a great combination. Just don't wear it to meet the Queen of England.

Cotton vs Blends

The battle has been raging for sometime: on one side you have those who say that cotton is king, and you should never compromise. Others argue that there is a time and place for blends, and that many of the properties man made fibers bestow upon a blended shirt are well worth the compromise. I personally believe it depends on your needs and wants.

If you work in an air conditioned building, are price sensitive, and new to quality shirting then blends are a viable option.  If you are a traveler, have plenty of money, and spend time in hot weather then cotton is perhaps a better choice. For more information on shirt fabrics in general, click here.

Shirt Cuffs

The shirt cuffs are a small but very important part of a gentleman's ensemble; besides the collar, they are one of the only visible parts of a shirt when a jacket is worn. Shirt cuffs should extend one half to one full inch past the jacket sleeves; properly worn they provide a polished look to ones ensemble.
Button cuffs are single cuffs which wrap around the arm and are buttoned into place. These are the cuffs most commonly found on ready made shirts. Button cuffs may have a single button or may be adjustable, with two buttons side-by-side.

Some have two buttonholes and two vertical buttons, a more formal option often called the barrel cuff. Button cuffs may also have a small button on the sleeve, between the cuff and the end of the cuff opening, intended to prevent the area from opening and exposing the gentleman's wrist.

Front Style

The front style is determined by your choice of placket, which is the fabric edge of the left front panel with the button holes on it. The standard placket is a strip of fabric raised off the men’s dress shirt front with stitches down each side; this is what most casual shirts and many dress shirts have standard.

Men's Dress Shirt

In the more modern plain (French) placket, the edge of the shirt front is folded over to create a creased edge and held together by the button holes.

Dress Shirt Buttons

A shirt's buttons are perhaps its most underrated detail. Most men don't give buttons a second thought outside of their functionality; if they work and don't draw attention to themselves, then that's good enough.

But take a close look at them, and you may be lucky enough to find a world of intricate design – two holes, four holes, engravings, and a variety of materials used to craft these little wonders.

Most buttons today are made of plastic; a suitable material for the job, as that it is inexpensive and fairly strong.

Shirt Pocket

Most shirts have a single pocket on the left breast; the vast majority of men never use this pocket – so why is it there? It does give the appearance of depth, and with a wide variety of styles available it is a detail many men like on their shirts, but the fact of the matter is that most men would actually do better to have no pocket at all.

A simple clean look, which by default increases the formality of the shirt (although this is easily offset by a casual fabric) while setting it apart from the crowd.

As mentioned above, there are many styles for shirt pockets, and on some very casual ones (especially those with a western theme) you do see a double pocket. The difference usually lie in the overall shape and whether or not it has a flap.

Back Style

There are three common dress shirt back types, the first two being defined by the type and positioning of their pleat while the last one being defined by it's absence of one.  Perhaps the most common shirt back style is the single large double pleat found on the back center of most off the rack men's dress shirts.

Dress Shirts

The design and purpose of this large pleat is simple; to help the shirt conform to as many men's figures as possible. Despite it's large size and dubious duty, it is a trait loved by many shirt enthusiasts and is often asked for even on custom made shirts (where the need for pleats is superfluous).

Closing Comments

A bit of advice for beginners – if building your dress shirt collection seek versatility in your clothing. To maximize value and eliminate confusion, you want to be able to wear any dress shirt with any suit you own.

Avoid extremes, and slowly build your range by experimenting with patterns, colors, and styles that compliment your features. Once you have this down, you can with confidence move into complex world of multi-color patterns and eccentric style.

This article was meant as only an introduction, and by no means should these guidelines be interpreted as infallible rules.  The joy of men's clothing is learning the rules, discovering your individual Dress Shirts style, and then breaking the rules where you see fit.

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